Erschienen: 28.02.1999 Abbildung von Ulinski | Cerebral Cortex | 1999

Ulinski

Cerebral Cortex

Models of Cortical Circuits

lieferbar ca. 10 Tage als Sonderdruck ohne Rückgaberecht

ca. 299,59 €

inkl. Mwst.

1999. Buch. xxi, 573 S. Bibliographien. Hardcover

Springer. ISBN 978-0-306-45727-2

Format (B x L): 17,8 x 25,4 cm

Gewicht: 3010 g

In englischer Sprache

Das Werk ist Teil der Reihe: Cerebral Cortex; 13

Produktbeschreibung

long-termplasticityandwithapproachestolearningandmemorybasedonmodifica­ tionofHebbiansynapsesarenotconsidered. Relativelyabstractattemptstounder­ standhigherlevelandcognitiveprocessesbasedonneuralnetsrepresentasecond, majorareaofworkthatisnottreated. Modelsofcognitiveprocessesbasedon dynamicalsystemsmethodsinwhichnoattemptismadetoincludethebiophysical featuresofindividualneuronsarealsonotconsidered. vii viii Thetenmajorchaptersfallintothreegroups. Thefirstgroupdealswith compartmentalmodelsofindividualcorticalneurons. LyleBorg-Grahamprovides PREFACE anintroductiontothemethodsinvolvedinconstructingcompartmentalmodels andthenreviewstheexistingmodelsofhippocampalpyramidalcells. Becauseof theeffectivenessofhippocampalslicepreparations,theseneuronshavewell-ehar­ acterizedbiophysicalproperties. Thischapterillustrateshowcompartmentalmod­ elscanbeusedtosynthesizeexperimentaldataandprovideanintegrativeviewof thepropertiesofindividualneurons. PaulRhodescontinuesthethemebyfocusing ontheroleofvoltage-gatedchannelslocatedonthedendritesofcorticalneurons. Thisisanareainwhichtechnologicaladvancesinthevisualizationofneuronsin slicepreparationsbasedoninfraredmicroscopyhavegreatlyexpandedtheinfor­ mationavailableondendriticfunctioninjustafewyears. Thechapterbothreviews theexperimentaldataonactivedendriticconductancesandemphasizestheirpo­ tentialfunctionalroles. Thesecondgroupofchaptersdealwiththegenerationofreceptivefield propertiesofneuronswithinvisualcortex. Theyaddressissuesstemmingfromthe originalattempttounderstandhowthereceptivefieldpropertiesofneuronsincat andmonkeyprimaryvisualcortexaregeneratedbyinteractionsbetweengenicu­ lateafferentsandcorticalneurons. ThechapterbyFlorentinWorgotterevaluates modelsthathavebeenusedtoanalyzethegenerationofreceptivefieldproperties. RodneyDouglasandhiscolleaguesaddressaspecificsetofissuesdealingwiththe roleofintracorticalexcitationmediatedbypyramidalcellcollaterals. Animportant featureofthischapterisitsrelationtoattempttoconstructfabricatedcircuitsthat duplicatethefunctionsofcorticalcircuits. ThechapterbyPhilipUlinskifocuseson thegenerationofmotion-selectivepropertiesincorticalneurons. Itseekstoidenti­ tycellularmechanismsusedbyneuronsthatrespondpreferentiallytovisualstimuli movingwithparticularspeedsordirections. MatteoCarandiniandhiscolleagues discussthefeatureofcorticalneurons,knownasgaincontrol,thatallowsneurons torespondeffectivelytovisualstimulibypoolinginformationacrosspopulationsof corticalneurons. ThechapterbyHughWilsondealswiththereceptivefieldproper­ tiesofextrastriateareasandintroducesnewworkanalyzingface-selectiveneurons. Thefinalsetofchaptersconsidermodelsofensemblesofthalamicandcortical neurons. ThechapterbyWilliamLyttonandElizabethThomasusesthetheoryof dynamicalsystemstoanalyzethetemporalrelationshipsbetweenthalamicand corticalneurons. Animportantfeatureoftheinteractionbetweenthalamusand cortexisthepresenceofoscillationsthatdependinpartuponthevoltage-gated conductancespresentonindividualneuronsandinpartonthestructureofthe overallnetwork. PaulBushcontinuesthisemphasisonoscillationsbydiscussinga modelthatdealswiththegenerationofsynchronizedoscillationsinvisualcortex. Oscillationsofthiskindhaveattractedsubstantialattentioninrecentyearsbecause oftheirpotentialroleincognitiveprocesses. Thelastchapter,byMichaelHasselmo andChristianeLinster,reviewstheirworkonmodelingpiriformcortex,emphasiz­ ingtheroleofcholinergicmechanismsinmodulatingtheactivityofcorticalneu­ rons. Anattempthasbeenmadethroughouttomakethevolumeaccessibleto readerswithminimalmathematicalbackgrounds. Thevolumethusbeginswitha shorthistoryofmodelsofcorticalneuronsandcircuitrythatintroducestheprinci­ palmodelingstyles. ThechaptersbyWorgotterandUlinskicontainmoreextensive ix introductionstosomeofthemodelingmethodsthathavebeenusedtostudyvisual cortex,andthemathematicallychallengedreaderwillfindthatthechapterby PREFACE LyttonandThomascontainsareadableintroductiontotheuseofdynamical systemstheoryinneurobiology. PhilipS. Ulinski EdwardG. Jones Chicago and Davis Contents Chapter 1 ModelingCorticalCircuitry:AHistoryandProspectus PhilipS. Ulinski 1. Introduction ". 1 2. LorentedeNothroughDynamicalSystemsModels. 2 2. 1. LorentedeNo. 2 2. 2. CellAssembliesandNeuralNets. 3 2. 3. DynamicSystemsModels. 8 3. HodgkinandHuxleythroughNetworkModels. 11 3. 1. HodgkinandHuxley. 11 3. 2. WilfridRall. 11 3. 3. SoftwarePackages. 13 3. 4. RealisticModelsofCorticalNetworks. 14 4. Prospectus. 14 5. References. 15 Chapter 2 InterpretationsofDataandMechanismsforHippocampalPyramidal CellModels LyleJ Borg-Graham 1. Introduction. 19 1. 1. NeuronModelEvolution-followingElectrophysiology. 19 1. 2. NeuronModelEvaluation-followingtheParameters. 21 1. 3. WhyHippocampus? 21 1. 4. OrganizationofThisChapter. 22 xi xii 2. TheDatabaseforSingle-NeuronModels. 23 2. 1. VoltageClampversusCurrentClamp. 23 CONTENTS 2. 2. Single-ChannelversusMacroscopicCurrents. 24 2. 3. TypeofPreparation. 24 2. 4. KineticandPharmacologicalDissection. 25 2. 5. TemperatureDependence. 26 2. 6. AgeDependence. 27 2. 7. HippocampalSubfieldDependence. 27 2. 8. DifferencesinFiringPropertiesbetweenSharpversusPatch Recordings. 28 2. 9. TheMeasuredVoltage.

Gesamtwerk

Die 8. Auflage ist wieder auf sechs Bände angelegt. Darin finden sich übersichtlich und in systematischer Gliederung Vertragsmuster aus der Feder erfahrener Experten. Jedem dieser Muster folgen Anmerkungen, mit denen der dem Vertragsentwurf zu Grunde liegende Sachverhalt und die Gründe für die Wahl des spezifischen Formulars erläutert werden.

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