Hidden Order and Exotic Superconductivity in the Heavy-Fermion Compound Uru2si2

Softcover Repri 2016. Buch. 102 S. Softcover
Format (B x L): 15.6 x 23.4 cm
Gewicht: 177 g
In englischer Sprache
Das Werk ist Teil der Reihe:

In this thesis, the author investigates hidden-order phase transition at T0 = 17.5 K in the heavy-fermion URu2Si2. The four-fold rotational symmetry breaking in the hidden order phase, which imposes a strong constraint on the theoretical model, is observed through the magnetic torque measurement. The translationally invariant phase with broken rotational symmetry is interpreted as meaning that the hidden-order phase is an electronic "nematic" phase. The observation of such nematicity in URu2Si2 indicates a ubiquitous nature among the strongly correlated electron systems.The author also studies the superconducting state of URu2Si2 below Tc = 1.4 K, which coexists with the hidden-order phase. A peculiar vortex penetration in the superconducting state is found, which may be related to the rotational symmetry breaking in the hidden-order phase. The author also identifies a vortex lattice melting transition. This transport study provides essential clues to the underlying issue of quasiparticle dynamics as to whether a quasiparticle Bloch state is realized in the periodic vortex lattice.

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Describes precise magnetic torque measurement using micro cantilever and local magnetization measurement using micro-Hall array

Investigates the symmetry breaking in the hidden-order phase of URu2Si2 and vortex state in the superconducting phase

Covers observation of the vortex lattice melting transition in ultraclean URu2Si2 single crystals at sub-Kelvin temperatures

Nominated as an outstanding contribution by Kyoto University's Physics Department in 2013