Erschienen: 22.11.2004 Abbildung von Kreck / Lück | The Novikov Conjecture | 2004 | Geometry and Algebra | 33

Kreck / Lück

The Novikov Conjecture

Geometry and Algebra

lieferbar ca. 10 Tage als Sonderdruck ohne Rückgaberecht

2004. Buch. xv, 266 S. Bibliographien. Softcover

Birkhäuser. ISBN 978-3-7643-7141-8

Format (B x L): 17,8 x 25,4 cm

Gewicht: 1110 g

In englischer Sprache

Das Werk ist Teil der Reihe: Oberwolfach Seminars; 33


Manifolds are the central geometric objects in modern mathematics. An attempt to understand the nature of manifolds leads to many interesting questions. One of the most obvious questions is the following. Let M and N be manifolds: how can we decide whether M and N are ho- topy equivalent or homeomorphic or di?eomorphic (if the manifolds are smooth)? The prototype of a beautiful answer is given by the Poincar´ e Conjecture. If n N is S ,the n-dimensional sphere, and M is an arbitrary closed manifold, then n it is easy to decide whether M is homotopy equivalent to S. Thisisthecaseif and only if M is simply connected (assumingn> 1, the case n = 1 is trivial since 1 every closed connected 1-dimensional manifold is di?eomorphic toS ) and has the n homology of S. The Poincar´eConjecture states that this is also su?cient for the n existenceof ahomeomorphism fromM toS. For n = 2this followsfromthewe- known classi?cation of surfaces. Forn> 4 this was proved by Smale and Newman in the 1960s, Freedman solved the case in n = 4 in 1982 and recently Perelman announced a proof for n = 3, but this proof has still to be checked thoroughly by the experts. In the smooth category it is not true that manifolds homotopy n equivalent to S are di?eomorphic. The ?rst examples were published by Milnor in 1956 and together with Kervaire he analyzed the situation systematically in the 1960s.


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