Erschienen: 31.12.1999 Abbildung von Gibson | The Jewish Manumission Inscriptions of the Bosporus Kingdom | 1999 | Release in the Prayerhouse | 75

Gibson

The Jewish Manumission Inscriptions of the Bosporus Kingdom

Release in the Prayerhouse

lieferbar (3-5 Tage)

1999. Buch. X, 201 S. Hardcover

Mohr Siebeck. ISBN 978-3-16-147041-7

In englischer Sprache

Das Werk ist Teil der Reihe: Texts and Studies in Ancient Judaism; 75

Produktbeschreibung

E. Leigh Gibson analyses the Bosporan Jewish manumission inscriptions as well as the integration of Jews into the larger Greco-Roman world.

E. Leigh Gibson analyses a little-known group of Greek inscriptions that record the manumission of slaves in synagogues located on the hellenized north shore of the Black Sea in the first three centuries of the common era. Through a comparison of this corpus with manumission inscriptions from elsewhere in the Greco-Roman world and an analysis of Greco-Roman Judaism's own interaction with slavery, she assesses the degree to which the Black Sea Jewish community adopted classical traditions of manumissions. In so doing, she tests the often-repeated assumption that these Jewish communities developed idiosyncratic slave practices under the influence of biblical injunctions regarding Israelite ownership of slaves. More generally, she reconsiders the extent of Jewish isolation from or interaction with Greco-Roman culture.
Against the backdrop of Greek manumission inscriptions, the Jewish manumissions of the Bosporan Kingdom are unremarkable; they follow the basic outlines of Greek manumission formulae. A review of Greco-Roman Jewish sources demonstrates that biblical precepts on slaveholding were not implemented, even if they were still admired. One element of the manumissions, the ongoing obligation required of the slaves, is somewhat enigmatic and possibly indicates that the Bosporan Jewish community indeed had distinctive manumission practices. These obligations have been commonly interpreted as requiring the slave to participate in the religious life of the community as a condition of his manumission and possibly his concurrent conversion. A close analysis of the clause reveals a more straightforward interpretation: the obligation was a kind of paramone clause, a common feature of Greek manumission inscriptions.
E. Leigh Gibson demonstrates that the Jews of this region incorporated Greek manumission practices into their communal life. The execution of private legal contract with the community of Jews as witness in turn suggests that the wider Bosporan community extended respect and recognition to its local Jewish community.

Die jüdischen Freilassungs-Inschriften vom Bosporus. Freilassung im Gebetshaus. Von E. Leigh Gibson.
E. Leigh Gibson analysiert eine wenig bekannte Gruppe griechischer Inschriften, die die Freilassung von Sklaven in Synagogen am hellenisierten Nordufer des Schwarzen Meeres in den ersten drei Jahrhunderten der gemeinsamen Epoche dokumentieren. Durch einen Vergleich dieser Texte mit den Freilassungs-Inschriften aus anderen Quellen in der griechisch-römischen Welt und eine Analyse der Wechselwirkung des griechisch-römischen Judentums mit der Sklaverei, beurteilt er, inwiefern die jüdische Gemeinde des Schwarzen Meeres die klassischen Traditionen der Sklavenfreilassungen übernahm. Dabei untersucht er die oft wiederholte Annahme, daß diese jüdischen Gemeinden eigenartige Sklavenbräuche unter dem Einfluß der biblischen Anordnungen hinsichtlich des israelitischen Sklavenbesitzes entwickelten. Im weiteren Sinne überdenkt er das Ausmaß der jüdischen Isolation von oder deren Wechselwirkung mit der graeco-römischen Kultur.

E. Leigh Gibson: Born 1966; 1987 B.A., 1995 M.A. in Religion at Princeton University; 1997 Ph.D. at Princeton University; since 1997 Assistant Professor at the Department of Religion, Oberlin College.

Main audience: Scholars of Jewish Studies, Theology, Classical Philology; corresponding institutes and libraries.

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