First Measurement of Neutrino and Antineutrino Oscillation at T2K

Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 2017 2018. Buch. xv, 172 S.: 77 s/w-Abbildungen, 10 Farbabbildungen, 10 Farbtabellen, Bibliographien. Softcover
Springer ISBN 978-3-319-87933-8
Format (B x L): 15,5 x 23,5 cm
Gewicht: 2934 g
In englischer Sprache
Das Werk ist Teil der Reihe:
This thesis reports the measurement of muon neutrino and antineutrino disappearance and electron neutrino and antineutrino appearance in a muon neutrino and antineutrino beam using the T2K experiment. It describes a result in neutrino physics that is a pioneering indication of charge-parity (CP) violation in neutrino oscillation; the first to be obtained from a single experiment. Neutrinos are some of the most abundant—but elusive—particles in the universe, and may provide a promising place to look for a potential solution to the puzzle of matter/antimatter imbalance in the observable universe. It has been firmly established that neutrinos can change flavour (or ‘oscillate’), as recognised by the 2015 Nobel Prize. The theory of neutrino oscillation allows for neutrinos and antineutrinos to oscillate differently (CP violation), and may provide insights into why our universe is matter-dominated. Bayesian statistical methods, including the Markov Chain Monte Carlo fitting technique, are used to simultaneously optimise several hundred systematic parameters describing detector, beam, and neutrino interaction uncertainties as well as the six oscillation parameters.
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Nominated as an outstanding PhD thesis by the University of Oxford, UK Offers an accessible introduction to Bayesian statistical analysis and the Markov Chain Monte Carlo method for particle physics Presents an in-depth description of a recent pioneering result in neutrino physics