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Constantin

Epistemic Defeat

A Treatment of Defeat as an Independent Phenomenon

lieferbar (3-5 Tage)

Fachbuch

Buch. Hardcover

2021

In englischer Sprache

Gruyter, Walter de GmbH. ISBN 978-3-11-073535-2

Format (B x L): 16.4 x 23.5 cm

Gewicht: 561 g

Das Werk ist Teil der Reihe: Epistemische Studien

Produktbeschreibung

A number of well-developed theories shed light on the question, under what circumstances our beliefs enjoy epistemic justification. Yet, comparatively little is known about epistemic defeat-when new information causes the loss of epistemic justification. This book proposes and defends a detailed account of epistemic defeaters. The main kinds of defeaters are analyzed in detail and integrated into a general framework that aims to explain how beliefs lose justification. It is argued that defeaters introduce incompatibilities into a noetic system and thereby prompt a structured re-evaluation process that makes a justified reinstatement of the defeated belief impossible. The account is then applied to the topic of disagreement, where it is used in an argument for conciliationism, as well as a new explanation for higher-order defeat. Throughout the book, the notion of defeat is the center of attention, while a number of new issues are discussed at the intersections of defeat and justification. Specifically, new problems are raised for broadly internalist accounts of defeat, a fully descriptive reliabilist account of defeat is provided, and the case for normative defeat is revisited.

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